The Home Affairs Select Committee investigated in 2013 Child sexual exploitation and the response to localised grooming.According to Inside Out London and BBC Inside Out investigations, young British Sikh girls living outside Britain (such as in America) were (and are) being particularly preyed upon by men who pretended to be Sikhs to seduce and groom them.
Because the grooming of children (although it was not known at the time under those terms) in the UK had been proscribed as early as the 1910 Convention on the White Slave trade the idea of localised grooming was coined around 1990.
A television documentary was broadcast in August 2003, in which reporters uncovered details of an 18-month police and social services investigation into allegations that young Asian Muslim men were targeting under-age girls for sex, drugs and prostitution in the West Yorkshire town of Keighley.
Child groomers might look for opportunities to have time alone with the child, which can be done by offering to babysit; the groomers may also invite the child for sleepovers, for opportunistic bed sharing.
Actions such as online communication have been defended by suspected offenders using the so-called "fantasy defense", in which those accused argue that they were only expressing fantasies and not plans of future behavior. S., case law draws a distinction between those two and some people accused of "grooming" have successfully used this defense.
Sexual grooming of children over the internet is most prevalent (99% of cases) amongst the 13–17 age group, particularly 13–14 year old children (48%). The majority of the victimization occurs with mobile phone support.