The European presence in South Africa dates back to the 17th century, when the Dutch East India Company established the Cape Colony outpost.
This medium continues to be used today by the post apartheid governments.
Although apartheid as a comprehensive legislative project truly began after the National Party came into power in 1948, many of these statutes were preceded by the laws of the previous British and Afrikaner administrations in South Africa's provinces.
While the bulk of this legislation was enacted after the election of the National Party government in 1948, it was preceded by discriminatory legislation enacted under earlier British and Afrikaner governments.
Apartheid is distinguished from segregation in other countries by the systematic way in which it was formalised in law.
Apartheid limited the education the Bantu received.